Timeline provided by Stateline. Hawaii Supreme Court rules the state must show a compelling reason to ban same-sex marriage and orders a lower court to hear a case seeking the right of same-sex couples to marry. Utah Gov.
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Mike Leavitt R signs into law the first state Defense of Marriage statute, which stipulates that Utah does not have to recognize out-of-state marriages that violate state public policy. Alaska Superior Court judge rules that same-sex couples have a constitutional right to marry but stays the decision pending appeals to the state Supreme Court. Hawaii voters approve a state constitutional amendment reserving the right to define marriage to the Legislature.
Alaska voters approve a constitutional amendment banning same-sex marriage. Alaska Supreme Court rules that same-sex couples cannot seek the right to marry under the state constitution in light of the constitutional amendment banning same-sex marriage. Vermont Supreme Court rules that the state Constitution guarantees same-sex couples the same rights to marriage as heterosexual couples.
However, the court leaves it up to the Legislature to decide how to provide marriage rights and benefits to same-sex couples. Vermont Gov. Howard Dean D signs a civil union bill, making Vermont the first state to legally recognize same-sex couples. Nebraska voters approve a constitutional ban on same-sex marriage. Seven same-sex Massachusetts couples file a lawsuit after being denied marriage licenses.
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In Goodridge et al. Department of Public Health, the couples seek the right to marry.
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Nevada voters give final approval to a constitutional ban on same-sex marriage. Voters first approved the ban in , but state law requires a majority vote in two consecutive election years to amend the constitution. New Jersey Gov.
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James McGreevey D signs a domestic partnership law granting same-sex couples certain rights, such as hospital visits. Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court reaffirms its decision and specifies that only marriage rights — not civil unions — would provide equal protection under the state constitution. Massachusetts Legislature holds a constitutional convention to consider amending the state constitution to limit marriage to one man and one woman. The measure fails to pass.
San Francisco Mayor Gavin Newsom authorizes city officials to issue marriage licenses to same-sex couples. Sandoval, N. New Paltz, N. February through March. President Bush announces support for federal constitutional amendment banning same-sex marriage. California Supreme Court orders halt to San Francisco same-sex marriages.
Massachusetts Legislature votes to amend the state constitution to ban same-sex marriage but allow civil unions. Legislature must approve the measure again by before amendment can go to statewide vote. Massachusetts begins marrying same-sex couples. May August through November. Montana Supreme Court rules that the gay and lesbian partners of Montana University employees have the same right to health insurance benefits as their heterosexual counterparts.
Kansas voters approve constitutional amendment banning same-sex marriage. April Connecticut Gov. Jodi Rell R signs bill authorizing civil unions for same-sex couples, effective Oct. Federal judge strikes down a Nebraska constitutional amendment denying marriage rights to same-sex couples. California Supreme Court issues first-of-its-kind ruling recognizing the co-parenting rights of same-sex couples. California state Assembly approves Senate-passed bill to legalize same-sex marriage, but Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger R vetoes it.
Massachusetts Legislature defeats proposal at second constitutional convention to amend the state constitution to ban same-sex marriage but allow civil unions. Washington state Supreme Court recognizes co-parenting rights of same-sex couples.
Defining generations: Where Millennials end and Generation Z begins
Texas voters approve constitutional amendment banning same-sex marriage. Maine voters reject attempt to repeal a state law prohibiting discrimination based on sexual orientation. Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court upholds a state law banning out-of-state couples from marrying in Massachusetts if the marriage is illegal in their home state.
Alabama voters approve constitutional amendment banning same-sex marriage. July 6.
Products - National Vital Statistics Report - Volume 57 Number 3
Georgia Supreme Court reinstates constitutional ban against same-sex marriage that had been thrown out by a lower court on procedural grounds. July There is considerable variability among the states in the procedures that are used to submit the counts of marriages and divorces to NCHS and in the extent to which the states update their counts of marriages and divorces as new information is received.
Therefore, counts vary in their completeness. Marriage and divorce counts, unlike other provisional data, may be updated after the end of a data year if final counts are provided by the state. Readers seeking further information on this should contact NCHS at births cdc. Tables A and B provide monthly, year-to-date, and month ending counts and rates for births, deaths excluding fetal deaths , and marriages, and month ending rates for divorces.
These counts include events occurring in the United States to nonresidents of the United States and differ from the data in preliminary and final reports that are based on place of residence. Birth, death, and infant death figures death and infant death figures exclude fetal deaths in Table 1 for each state are estimates by state of residence. These estimates are derived by applying adjustment ratios to the number of events recorded as occurring in the state during a 1-month period.
The adjustment ratios for each data year represent the observed relationship between final state occurrence figures and final state residence figures for the 3 most recent years for which final data were available and are expressed as a single ratio for each state for births and deaths. Monthly state marriage and divorce figures shown in Table 2 represent the actual count of all events occurring in the state state of occurrence and are not adjusted by state of residence. Until , provisional totals for births, marriages, and divorces for the entire United States included corrections for observed differences between provisional and final figures.
These corrections compensated for delays in reporting. Beginning with data for January , these monthly corrections for births, marriages, and divorces have been discontinued. Further information on these changes has been provided in the National Vital Statistics Reports presenting provisional data for January vol. NCHS has ceased publishing divorce counts and rates based on provisional data from the combined 50 states because it is no longer statistically feasible to calculate estimates of monthly divorce counts for nonreporting states California, Georgia, Hawaii, Indiana, Louisiana, and Minnesota.
Instead, NCHS publishes only the month divorce rates shown in Table A , based solely on the combined counts and populations for reporting states and the District of Columbia. Aggregate 1-month, cumulative counts and rates, and month counts for divorces have been discontinued because of their very limited usefulness when based on less than the full complement of states.
Monthly marriage and divorce counts as reported by each state will continue to be shown in Table 2. In , in the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina, Louisiana temporarily suspended collection of marriage counts Louisiana does not provide NCHS with divorce counts; see previous paragraph. National marriage counts and rates shown in Table A for exclude Louisiana data.
Populations for these marriage rates also exclude Louisiana. Louisiana reinstated the collection of marriage counts in Population estimates used for computing rates originate from the U. Census Bureau and are based on the census. Monthly rates are based on populations estimated for the specific month. Year-to-date rates are averages of monthly rates that have been weighted by the number of days in the corresponding months. Rates for month periods are the sum of events for the period per population estimated at the midpoint of the period.
Summary of Marriage Records in the United States by State
Populations have been estimated by NCHS for the month divorce rates based on the 44 reporting states and the District of Columbia. Monthly infant mortality rates are based on relatively few events and are highly variable. As a result, NCHS has discontinued publishing provisional monthly state specific infant mortality rates.
National monthly infant mortality rates will continue to be available in Tables A and B.